Biodiversity Conservation in Lake Watersheds
communities that surround lakes depend heavily on lake biodiversity and natural
lake processes for their water, food and way of life. Many of the world's
poorest people depend on freshwater biodiversity for their protein needs.
In Malawi, Lake Malawi provides 70% to 75% of the animal protein consumed by
both urban and rural communities.
Lakes provide critical habitat for an amazing array of plants and animals including bacteria, fungi, algae, plankton, mussels, snails, crustaceans, insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Lake biodiversity globally is severely threatened. Currently 30% of freshwater fish and over 800 other freshwater species are on the brink of extinction (IUCN, 2002).
A Strategy for Conserving Biological Diversity of the World’s Lakes
conservation of the world's lakes: A preliminary framework for identifying
This LakeNet report identifies 250 lakes in 73 countries as initial priorities for biodiversity conservation based on UNEP, WWF and Ramsar data. Although available data are very limited, these lakes support globally significant fish, mollusc, crab, shrimp and bird biodiversity or they are representative examples of particularly rare types of lakes.
Lake Biodiversity Needs Assessment Survey
Biodiversity Needs Assessment Survey is a tool designed by LakeNet to help
lake watershed organizations or governments assess their needs with regard to
understanding and protecting their lake’s biodiversity and to identify
possible areas of their programs that might be prioritized or strengthened.
The objective of the survey is to:
List of Ramsar Sites with Lake Habitats
With data obtained from Wetlands International in October 2002, the LakeNet Secretariat has prepared a List of Ramsar "Wetlands of International Importance" with lake habitats.
Links and resources on lake biodiversity
Waters: Freshwater & Marine Ecosystems in Africa
Strategies for biodiversity conservation & sustainable development, including assessments of biodiversity projects on the following lakes: Victoria, Tanganyika, Malawi, Chad and lakes in Madagascar.
Biodiversity stats and projects at Chilika Lake (India)
biodiversity in Asia, with special reference to fish
World Bank document available for purchase ($22 US)
Mekong River Basin & Tonle Sap Lake
The biodiversity & management strategy of endemic fish species in Lake Towuti (Indonesia)
of biodiversity in the Lake District of Ohrid, Prespa & Prespa Minor
(Albania, Macedonia, Greece)
The Conservation of Biological Diversity in the Great Lakes Basin: Issues and Opportunities
Aquatic Conservation Initiative (Nature Conservancy)
areas for conservation of aquatic biodiversity in the Western Great Lakes Basin
Lake Huron coastal biodiversity
The Canadian Biodiversity Web Site
rates of North American freshwater fauna
Article by A. Ricciardi & Joseph Rasmussen, Conservation Biology, Vol. 13, No. 5, October 1999
International agencies, treaties, conventions
Database of World Bank biodiversity projects
Joint website for all biodiversity-related international conventions
Link to 110 IUCN specialty groups that focus on specific taxon of plants, mammals, birds, reptiles & amphibians, fish and invertebrates.
The economics of
The Biodiversity Economics Library
Information focused on particular species/genus
List of threatened waterfowl species & sub-species
Crayfish conservation (site is US-based but will be helpful to others working on similar issues)
An example of a crayfish biodiversity action plan
Threats to lake biodiversity
Large dams & freshwater fish biodiversity
International Internet Debate on Biodiversity Education and Public Awareness (BEPA)
Managed by the IUCN Commission on Education and Communication
The 31 participants in the first round of the debate would welcome input from others in the second round. The questions posed for round 2 can be answered up until February 25th. Bepa-Online is being developed as an interactive and knowledge sharing site on biodiversity education and public awareness that will serve the needs of the Convention on Biological Diversity.