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Lake Profile


General Information

Description 57 kilometers northeast of Korla, Bosten Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Xinjiang, which serves as a natural reservoir. The lake, covering over 1,000 square kilometers reflects the beauty of the southern countryside with luxuriant vegetation. It is also a large fishery where a variety of fish grow.
Country China
Latitude 42° 0' 0" (42.0000)
Longitude 87° 0' 0" (87.0000)

Physical Characteristics

Surface Area 1,000.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 9.7 m
Maximum depth: 15.7 m
Origin Tectonic
Type Saline


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Issues Lake Bosten's surface area is decreasing and it is becoming more saline with higher mineral content. These changes are due to dams being built on lake tributaries.

The lake is also feeling the impact of significant urbanization and industrialization in it's watershed.


Biodiversity Conservation

Species of Concern



Crop Explorer - Global Reservoir and Lake Elevation Monitoring
Crop Explorer - Lake Level Variations from TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1 Altimetry for Bosten

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
Munawar, M. And R. Hecky. 2001. The Great Lakes of the World (GLOW) Food-web, Health & Integrity. Backhuys Publishers, The Netherlands.

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