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Lake Profile

Buhayrat ath Tharthar (Mileh Tharthar)

General Information

Description Lake Tharthar is a lake situated 120 kilometres north of Baghdad between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The Lake is deep and nutrient poor; there is very little vegetation except for sparse shrubs, some dense patches of growth and some scattered Ziziphus trees. The area is farmed thanks to the use of tube wells. A few sheep also graze in the area. Due to the farming the topsoil is damaged by vehicles and the lake is threatened due to overfishing.
Country Iraq
Latitude 34° 0' 0" (34.0000)
Longitude 43° 15' 0" (43.2500)
River Basin Tigris & Euphrates

Physical Characteristics

Surface Area 2,119.40 km2
Origin Human Made
Type Fresh


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management


Biodiversity Conservation

Species of Concern



Crop Explorer - Global Reservoir and Lake Elevation Monitoring
Crop Explorer - Lake Level Variations from TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1 Altimetry for Buhayrat ath Tharthar

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.

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