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Lake Profile

Onego (Onegh, Onega)

General Information

Description The Onego lakeshore is home to 800 prehistoric rock drawings that are testament to the early settlement of the area around the lake. Onego is the second largest lake in Europe, after Ladoga.
Country Russian Federation
Latitude 61° 40' 0" (61.6667)
Longitude 35° 30' 0" (35.5000)
River Basin Lake Ladoga

Physical Characteristics

Volume 280.00 km3
Surface Area 9,890.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 30.0 m
Maximum depth: 120.0 m
Residence Time 12.0 years
Catchment Catchment size: 51,540.00 km2
Catchment/surface area ratio: 5:1


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management


Biodiversity Conservation

Species of Concern



Crop Explorer - Global Reservoir and Lake Elevation Monitoring
Crop Explorer - Lake Level Variations from TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1 Altimetry for Onego
ILEC Database
Lake Ladoga River Basin map & information


8/12/2002 - Onega salmon no longer endangered species? Anglers welcome?

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
International Lake Environment Committee, the United Nations Environment Program and Environment Agency, Government of Japan. 1997. World Lakes Database.

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