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Lake Profile


General Information

Description Lake Huron is the seventh largest lake in the world by volume. It is the third largest of the Laurentian Great Lakes, by volume.
Country Canada
United States of America
Latitude 44° 40' 0" (44.6667)
Longitude -82° 40' 0" (-82.6667)
State Michigan
Lake Region Laurentian Great Lakes
River Basin Saint Lawrence


 Huron global index map (LakeNet Explorer)
 Largest Lakes in the World by Area (LakeNet Explorer 2004)
 Largest Lakes of the World by Volume (LakeNet Explorer 2004)
 Huron locator map
 Laurentian Great Lakes locator map
 Lake Basin Management Initiative (LakeNet Explorer)

Physical Characteristics

Description Lake Huron is hydrologically inseparable from Lake Michigan. Compared to the other Laurentian Great Lakes, Lake Huron's watershed is relatively large.
Volume 3,540.00 km3
Surface Area 59,600.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 59.0 m
Maximum depth: 229.0 m
Residence Time 22.0 years
Age 0 - 10,000 years before present
Origin Glacial
Type Fresh
Catchment Catchment size: 134,100.00 km2
Catchment/surface area ratio: 2:1


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Description States within the Great Lakes watershed have been working collaboratively on ecosystem management issues through the Great Lakes Commission (GLC) since 1955. The GLC was established to guide, protect and advance the common interests of the eight Great Lakes states in areas of regional environmental quality, resource management, transportation and economic development.
Watershed Action Plan Implementation underway
Other Issues Climate Change
Health Advisories - Fish
Health Advisories - Swimming
Invasive Species
Nutrient pollution
Polluted runoff
Sand mining
Urbanization and sprawl

Biodiversity Conservation

Designations LakeNet Biodiversity Priority
WWF Global 200
WWF Freshwater Eco-Region - Michigan-Huron
WWF Conservation Status Priority III
Species of Concern
Biological Distinctiveness Continentally outstanding


Council of Great Lakes Governors
Great Lakes Information Network
International Joint Commission
TEACH Great Lakes
Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species
Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum
Michigan Land Use Institute
Great Lakes United
Great Lakes National Program Office
U.S. Geological Survey, Great Lakes Science Center
Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation
Michigan Sea Grant
Great Lakes Protection Fund
Great Lakes Commission
International Association for Great Lakes Research
Steering Committee of the Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service - Great Lakes Restoration Initiative
Alliance for the Great Lakes
Great Lakes Interagency Task Force
Healing Our Waters
Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

LakeNet Programs

World Lake Basin Management Initiative
Exchanges Among Environmental Specialists on 20 Lakes in the Former Soviet Union and in Eastern & Central Europe
LakeNet 2000: A Dialogue on Participatory Watershed Management
LBMI Regional Experience Sharing and Review Workshop for Europe, Central Asia & the Americas
U.S. NGO Delegation Visit to Japan, March 2003


Great Lakes (North American)  (PDF) Experience Brief. Final. MacDonagh-Dumler et al.. 2/27/2006.
LakeNet News, Winter 2003-2004 (PDF)  Newsletter. Final. English. 12/20/2003.
Managing Lake Basins for Sustainable Use - Lake Basin Management Initiative Final Report (PDF)  Project Report. Final. English. 2/27/2006.


2005 Invasive Species Education Program
A Methodology For Identifying and Classifying Aquatic Biodiversity Investment Areas: Application in the Great Lakes Basin
Actions Toward a Sustainable Great Lakes
An electronic atlas of Great Lakes ice cover, winters 1973 - 2002
Bi-National Strategy for the Virtual Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances in the Great Lakes Basin
Biodiversity Conservation of the World's Lakes: A Preliminary Framework for Identifying Priorities
Biodiversity of freshwater mussels in the lower Great Lakes drainage basin (1997)
Canada-US Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy
Crop Explorer - Global Reservoir and Lake Elevation Monitoring
Crop Explorer - Lake Level Variations from TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1 Altimetry for Lake Huron
GEMStat - Global Water Quality Data and Statistics
GLNPO: Lake Huron Initiative
Great Lakes Basin Water Management Initiative: Sustainable Water Resources Agreement
Great Lakes Monitoring Programs
Great Lakes Strategy 2002: A Plan for the New Millennium
Human Dimensions of Great Lakes Fisheries Management
Huron Advisory Number 260
ILEC Database
Introduction to Great Lakes traditional culture
Lake Huron Coastal Biodiversity
Lake Huron Lakewide Management Plan - LaMP
Lake Huron's Beach and Dune Ecosystems, Educational Resources Kit
Large Lakes of the World: Advances in Modeling
Large-Scale Ecosystem Restoration: Lessons for Existing and Emerging Initiatives
Marsh Monitoring Program
Mercury in Freshwaters
Michigan Sea Grant: Publications Catalogue
Priority Areas for Conservation of Aquatic Biodiversity in the Western Great Lakes Basin
Saginaw Bay Fish Survey
The Conservation of Biological Diversity in the Great Lakes Basin: Issues & Opportunities


2/1/2013 - Great Lakes: Huron, Michigan break all-time low water records
1/10/2013 - New Great Lakes Map Highlights Environmental Threats and Opportunities
1/4/2013 - Lakes Michigan and Huron Fall to Record Low Levels
12/17/2012 - Environmental Threat Map Highlights Great Lakes Restoration Challenges
11/20/2012 - Warming Lakes: Climate Change and Variability Drive Low Water Levels on the Great Lakes
10/17/2012 - Great Lakes levels near all-time low
7/13/2012 - New risk assessment validates threat from Asian carp and points to Chicago-area waterways as most likely pathway into the Great Lakes
7/13/2012 - US and Canada: Report says Asian carp could thrive in Great Lakes
3/10/2012 - Great Lakes ice coverage falls 71 percent over 40 years, researcher says
1/1/2012 - Great Lakes: Closing off the Carp
2/25/2010 - Great goals for the Great Lakes
1/14/2009 - Great Lakes Water Levels Sensitive To Climate Change
10/9/2007 - Great Lakes Commission urges IJC to accelerate St. Clair River study
2/5/2007 - Data shows warming eventually will shrink Great Lakes
8/4/2006 - Michigan Island Steeps in Sewage Dispute
8/4/2006 - Great Lakes Forever, Budweiser, and Anheuser-Busch Wholesalers Coast Into Partnership to Protect the Great Lakes
7/5/2006 - Low Water in N. America's Great Lakes Causes Worry
5/8/2006 - Group reviewing dated Great Lakes treaty
4/27/2006 - ON THE COVER: A big fish story
12/21/2005 - Watershed Council hails recent Great Lakes initiatives; question funding commitment
12/14/2005 - 2 pacts prohibit diversion of Great Lakes water
4/20/2005 - Invasive species in most Great Lakes ships
4/7/2005 - Disappearing Lakes, Shrinking Seas
1/24/2005 - Drain in Great Lakes is open, report says
1/18/2005 - Immediate action sought to protect Great Lakes from invaders
12/17/2004 - Environmental groups file brief in Great Lakes beach case
10/22/2004 - Parliamentary committee to study Great Lakes deal
9/17/2004 - Great Lakes Plagued By Pollution
8/25/2004 - Pollutants linger in lakes, EPA report says
7/19/2004 - Great Lakes speak out on invasive species
7/16/2004 - New Great Lakes rules expected on Monday
5/23/2004 - Great Lakes conservation efforts taking a dive with politics
5/19/2004 - Federal task force to lead Great Lakes clean-up
5/13/2004 - Corps of Engineers vs. carp: The fight for the Great Lakes
5/6/2004 - Gulls reflect change in Great Lakes pollutants
4/23/2004 - Towards a Lake Basin Management Initiative
4/8/2004 - Native cormorants? Not in Great Lakes
4/7/2004 - Municipalitiesí interests in a land claim involving the waters of Lake Huron
3/13/2004 - Cox shouldn't ignore issue of tainted ship water
2/10/2004 - Time for Immediate Action to Protect the Great Lakes from Invasion
1/29/2004 - Bush administration proposes major new funding for Great Lakes clean-up
1/27/2004 - Leading Great Lakes Citizen's Groups call on Bush Administration to halt changes to sewage pathogen policy
1/19/2004 - Biologists help prehistoric fish make a comeback
11/8/2003 - Study: dioxins may have wiped out Laurentian Great Lakes trout
8/21/2003 - Huron gets mixed reviews in lake report
7/1/2003 - Tiny computers help track Lake Huron fish: Devices to determine harvest levels
6/9/2003 - Commercial use of aquifers could strain Great Lakes
5/15/2003 - Five dozen scientists call invasive species the most urgent environmental threat to the Great Lakes & Mississippi River Basin: Barriers urged for area rivers
4/30/2003 - Toxic algae threatens Great Lakes; U.S. funding is sought to combat outbreaks
3/16/2003 - Michigan worried thirsty states may be eyeing Great Lakes
2/27/2003 - New food chain threat musseling into Laurentian Great Lakes
2/11/2003 - Organism is disappearing from Great Lakes
2/1/2003 - Saving Canada's endangered mussels
12/9/2002 - New report on urban nonpoint source pollution released for Great Lakes policymakers
10/21/2002 - Tests find drug taint in water
10/19/2002 - Alien species named lakes' top enemy
9/19/2002 - Invasive perch nearing Lake Winnebago
7/21/2002 - Scientists recommend a fresh look at fresh water
7/12/2002 - Experts say big Asian carp threatens Great Lakes
6/12/2002 - Rare meteorite found near Lake Huron
5/6/2002 - Mapping underground water supplies
3/3/2002 - Lampreys are being driven out of Lake Huron
10/30/2001 - Safeguarding the headwaters of the Inland Waterway
10/19/2001 - Zebra mussels linked to virtual collapse of important crustacean in Lakes Michigan & Huron
9/18/2001 - Oil and gas drilling to resume beneath Lakes Huron and Michigan
8/4/2000 - Scientists try shock treatment for invaders (US, Canada)
11/9/1999 - Toxic mud fouls U.S. waters
2/17/1998 - In search of bad weather: scientists study lake-effect winter storms

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
Duker, L. and L. Borre. 2001. Biodiversity conservation of the world's lakes: a preliminary framework for identifying priorities. LakeNet Report Series Number 2. Annapolis, Maryland USA.
International Lake Environment Committee, the United Nations Environment Program and Environment Agency, Government of Japan. 1997. World Lakes Database.
Munawar, M. And R. Hecky. 2001. The Great Lakes of the World (GLOW) Food-web, Health & Integrity. Backhuys Publishers, The Netherlands.
US EPA (2004) National Listing of Fish Advisories Database

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