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Lake Profile

Turkana (Lake Rudolf)

General Information

Country Ethiopia
Latitude 4° 0' 0" (4.0000)
Longitude 36° 0' 0" (36.0000)
River Basin Turkana


 Lakes of East Africa
 Africa Lake Biodiversity Conservation Priorities 2003

Physical Characteristics

Description Turkana is a terminal lake (i.e. has no outlets).
Volume 187.00 km3
Surface Area 6,500.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 7.0 m
Maximum depth: 73.0 m
Origin Tectonic
Type Saline


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Issues In early 2002 the Kenyan government announced its intention to deforest close to 70,000 hectares of government-owned land. One of several lakes dependent on the catchment area of the Mau mountain forest, Lake Turkana's water quality and level are expected to be affected substantially by upstream logging.
Other Issues Erosion
Polluted runoff

Biodiversity Conservation

Species of Concern


Changing Customary Land Use in Turkana by Jeremy Lind  (HTML) Case Study. 5/4/2001.


African Lakes and Rivers Research Group
Biodiversity Conservation of the World's Lakes: A Preliminary Framework for Identifying Priorities
Crop Explorer - Global Reservoir and Lake Elevation Monitoring
Crop Explorer - Lake Level Variations from TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1 Altimetry for Lake Turkana
ILEC Database
ILEC Database
Kenyan forests and international law
Lake Turkana River Masin Map and Information
Watersheds of the world: Africa: Lake Turkana watershed


1/21/2010 - Future Wars Could Be Fought Over Lakes, Rivers
5/8/2003 - Turkana fish factory to be rehabilitated
8/29/2002 - Fish production declining, warns government official

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
Duker, L. and L. Borre. 2001. Biodiversity conservation of the world's lakes: a preliminary framework for identifying priorities. LakeNet Report Series Number 2. Annapolis, Maryland USA.
International Lake Environment Committee, the United Nations Environment Program and Environment Agency, Government of Japan. 1997. World Lakes Database.

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