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Lake Profile

Van Golu

General Information

Description Lake Van is the largest lake in Turkey, and has a rich history. The Urartian kingdom flourished on the lake's eastern shore between the 10th and 8th centuries BC.
Country Turkey
Latitude 38° 38' 0" (38.6333)
Longitude 42° 50' 0" (42.8333)
River Basin Tigris & Euphrates

Physical Characteristics

Description Lake Van's shores are generally steep and lined with cliffs. The highly saline water is dotted with islands.
Volume 191.00 km3
Surface Area 3,740.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 53.0 m
Maximum depth: 100.0 m
Origin Volcanic
Type Saline
Catchment Catchment size: 15,000.00 km2
Catchment/surface area ratio: 4:1


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Other Issues Nutrient pollution
Polluted runoff

Biodiversity Conservation

Species of Concern



ILEC Database


5/17/2003 - 'Martian features' found on Earth
8/5/2000 - Life in Lake Van is dying

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
International Lake Environment Committee, the United Nations Environment Program and Environment Agency, Government of Japan. 1997. World Lakes Database.

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