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Lake Profile

Hamoun i Helmand

General Information

Description Hamoun i Helmand is a very shallow saline lake, however it is considered one of the fifty largest lakes by volume in the world.
Country Afghanistan
Latitude 31° 22' 12" (31.3700)
Longitude 61° 16' 48" (61.2800)
Lake Region Sistan Basin Lakes

Physical Characteristics

Volume 510.00 km3
Depth Maximum depth: 11.0 m
Type Fresh


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management


Biodiversity Conservation

Designations LakeNet Biodiversity Priority
Species of Concern



Biodiversity Conservation of the World's Lakes: A Preliminary Framework for Identifying Priorities
Crop Explorer - Global Reservoir and Lake Elevation Monitoring
Crop Explorer - Lake Level Variations from TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1 Altimetry for Hamoun i Helmand
ILEC Database


4/7/2005 - Disappearing Lakes, Shrinking Seas
1/1/2002 - Sistan oasis parched by drought
9/18/2001 - Lake Hamoun (Iran) in dire trouble

Additional Data Sources

Duker, L. and L. Borre. 2001. Biodiversity conservation of the world's lakes: a preliminary framework for identifying priorities. LakeNet Report Series Number 2. Annapolis, Maryland USA.
International Lake Environment Committee, the United Nations Environment Program and Environment Agency, Government of Japan. 1997. World Lakes Database.
Lehner, B. and Doll, P. (2004): Development and validation of a global database of lakes, reservoirs and wetlands. Journal of Hydrology 296/1-4: 1-22.

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