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Lake Profile

Hovsgol (Khuvsgul)

General Information

Description Hovsgol is one of only seventeen ancient lakes on earth, and is thought to be approximately 2 to 5 million years old. Hovsgol holds approximately 2% of the earth's liquid surface freshwater.
Country Mongolia
Latitude 51° 0' 0" (51.0000)
Longitude 100° 25' 0" (100.4167)
River Basin Yenisey


 Ancient Lakes of the World

Physical Characteristics

Description Khuvsgul is a fresh water lake, located in the high mountain area in northern Mongolia (1,645 m above sea level). It is the deepest and second largest in Mongolia and 10th largest and 4th deepest in Asia.

The oval-shaped lake is 36.5 km wide, 136 km long and 262 meters deep. The volume of water is 381 square km. Ninety-six rivers and streams drain into the Khuvsgul but only one, the Egiin Gol river drains from the lake. The lake water is soft and rich in oxygen.

Lake Hovsgol is at the southern end of the Baikal Rift System.

Volume 380.00 km3
Surface Area 3,367.00 km2
Depth Maximum depth: 262.0 m
Age 2 million - 20 million years before present
Origin Tectonic
Type Permanent


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Description The area surrounding Khuvsgul lake has been protected as a National Conservation Park with 838.1 thousand hectares in 1992. The park administration has a small staff with over 20 nature conservation inspectors.

Biodiversity Conservation

Species of Concern

LakeNet Programs

LakeNet 2000: A Dialogue on Participatory Watershed Management



Crop Explorer - Global Reservoir and Lake Elevation Monitoring
Crop Explorer - Lake Level Variations from TOPEX/POSEIDON and Jason-1 Altimetry for Hovsgol (Khuvsgul)
ILEC Database


9/10/2003 - Baikal Nordic Games coming soon

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.

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