HomeContact UsDonate NowSearchPrint Page  
LAKENET LogoProtecting and restoring the health of lakes throughout the worldProtecting and restoring the health of lakes throughout the world
  LakesMapsNewsIssues & SolutionsProgramsLinksCalendarAbout UsJoin LakeNet
Lake Profile

Laguna Colorada (Colorado Lagoon, Red Lake)

Photo credit: Pete Oxford & Renee Bish

General Information

Description Laguna Colorada is one of numerous shallow salt lakes on the altiplano of the Andes, among some of the highest volcanoes in the world.

Laguna Colorada is also known as Red Lake because of the color of its algae-rich waters.

Country Bolivia


 Latin America & Mexico Biodiversity Conservation Priorities

Physical Characteristics

Surface Area 60.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 0.4 m
Type Saline


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Issues Laguna Colorada is threatened by borax mining and geothermal development. There has also been a resurgence of flamingo egg harvesting by local Indians, who supply markets in nearby mining towns (December 2003).

The incredible local population of flamingos is at risk of disturbance while nesting by tourists, numbering some 30,000 a year, who visit most during the summer breeding season.


Biodiversity Conservation

Description The lake lies within the Eduardo Avaroa National Reservation of Andean Wildlife, created by Bolivia in 1973.

The lake is the most important breeding site for James flamingos. Both James and Andean flamingos can be found here year-round, crowding into open water near hot springs in winter, when nighttime temperatures drop to minus 20 degrees F. Both species are rare and threatened.

Designations LakeNet Biodiversity Priority
Ramsar Site
Species of Concern James' Flamingo, or parina chica (Phoenicoparrus jamesi)

Andean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus andinus



Biodiversity Conservation of the World's Lakes: A Preliminary Framework for Identifying Priorities
Bolivian Legislation on the Commission for Integrated Water Resources Management
ILEC Database


12/16/2003 - Farewell to flamingos?

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
Duker, L. and L. Borre. 2001. Biodiversity conservation of the world's lakes: a preliminary framework for identifying priorities. LakeNet Report Series Number 2. Annapolis, Maryland USA.
International Lake Environment Committee, the United Nations Environment Program and Environment Agency, Government of Japan. 1997. World Lakes Database.

Search again


Visit Art.com



Lakes | Maps | News | Issues & Solutions | Programs | Links | Calendar | About Us | Join Us
Home | Contact Us | Donate Now | Search | Legal Information
Copyright © 2003-2004 LakeNet. Site developed by RelianceNet. Email the webmaster. Site statistics by Google Analytics.