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Lake Profile


General Information

Country Pakistan
Latitude 32° 37' 0" (32.6167)
Longitude 72° 0' 0" (72.0000)

Physical Characteristics

Description The surface area is 283 hectares. The complex varies from saline to brackish.
Depth Mean depth: 0.5 m
Type Saline


Economic Value Villagers depend on the wetland for their domestic water supply.
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Description WWF-Pakistan and the Punjab Wildlife Department prepared the first integrated management plan for the Ucchali complex in 1993. Further efforts are being made to include more participatory approaches.
Watershed Action Plan In development

Biodiversity Conservation

Description The lakes are an important wintering area for numerous rare or vulnerable bird species. Ucchali Lake has the most important wintering area for Oxyura leucocephala in Pakistan.

The Uchhali Complex Ramsar site includes the Khabbaki, Uchhali and Jahlar Lakes. The site includes a Game Reserve and a Wildlife Sanctuary.

Designations LakeNet Biodiversity Priority
Ramsar Site
Species of Concern White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala, Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca), Greylag Goose (Anser anser), and flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber).



Biodiversity Conservation of the World's Lakes: A Preliminary Framework for Identifying Priorities
Community Based Planning for Wetland Conservation: Lessons From the Ucchali Complex: Report of the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Training Workshop
Pakistan Water Gateway
Ramsar profile of Uchhali Complex site

Additional Data Sources

Duker, L. and L. Borre. 2001. Biodiversity conservation of the world's lakes: a preliminary framework for identifying priorities. LakeNet Report Series Number 2. Annapolis, Maryland USA.
Gopal, B. and R. Wetzel. 1995. Limnology in Developing Countries Vol. 1. International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology (SIL). International Scientific Publications. New Delhi, India.

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