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Lake Profile


General Information

Description Prespa is one of only seventeen ancient lakes on earth, and is estimated to be more than five million years old.
Country Albania
Latitude 40° 50' 0" (40.8333)
Longitude 21° 0' 0" (21.0000)


 Ancient Lakes of the World

Physical Characteristics

Surface Area 250.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 54.0 m
Age 2 million - 20 million years before present
Origin Tectonic
Type Fresh


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Issues The lake is polluted by heavy metals and various chemicals from industry and intensive agriculture around the lakes, according to a 1993 fact finding mission by the Hungary based Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe.

Biodiversity Conservation

Designations LakeNet Biodiversity Priority
Ramsar Site
Species of Concern


Alliance for Lake Cooperation in Ohrid and Prespa
Lake Ohrid Conservation Project

LakeNet Programs

Environmental Exchanges Among Managers of Nine Lakes in Russia, Hungary and the U.S.
Exchanges Among Environmental Specialists on 20 Lakes in the Former Soviet Union and in Eastern & Central Europe
International Waters Learning Exchange and Resource Network
LakeNet 2000: A Dialogue on Participatory Watershed Management
International Workshop on Management and Sustainable Development of International Lake Basins
Promoting Cross-border Cooperation and Protection of the Cherava River, Lake Ohrid



Biodiversity Conservation of the World's Lakes: A Preliminary Framework for Identifying Priorities
Conservation of Biodiversity in the Lake District of Ohrid, Prespa & Prespa Minor
Important Bird Areas of Greece: Profiles of Mikri Prespa & Lake Megali Prespa
Integrated Ecosystem Management of Prespa Lakes Basin in Albania
Ramsar profile of sites in Greece


4/14/2005 - The imbalance in Greece’s water reserves
9/29/2003 - German banks finance protection of lakes Prespa and Ohrid
9/7/1999 - Peacekeeping helicopters dump waste in two Macedonian lakes

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
Duker, L. and L. Borre. 2001. Biodiversity conservation of the world's lakes: a preliminary framework for identifying priorities. LakeNet Report Series Number 2. Annapolis, Maryland USA.

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