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Lake Profile


General Information

Description Karakul Lake is the largest lake in Tajikistan. The name Karakul means "black lake". It is very saline.
Country Tajikistan
Latitude 39° 3' 0" (39.0500)
Longitude 73° 21' 0" (73.3500)
Lake Region Pamir lakes
River Basin Pyanj

Physical Characteristics

Volume 26.50 km3
Surface Area 380.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 112.0 m
Maximum depth: 238.0 m
Origin Meteor Impact
Type Saline
Catchment Catchment size: 4,150.00 km2
Catchment/surface area ratio: 11:1


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management


Biodiversity Conservation

Designations Ramsar Site
Species of Concern Lake Karakul is home to an endemic fish species, the Karakul stone loach, which migrates to feeder streams. The fish is eaten by birds of the area.



Fish and fisheries in Lake Issyk-kul (Tien Shan), River Chu and Pamir Lakes

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.
Petr, T. (ed.)1999. Fish and fisheries at high altitudes: Asia.

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