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Lake Profile

Markakol'

General Information

Description
Country Kazakhstan
Latitude 48° 46' 0" (48.7667)
Longitude 85° 45' 0" (85.7500)

Physical Characteristics

Description
Surface Area 450.00 km2
Type Permanent
Natural

Socio-Political

Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Description
Issues
Monitoring

Biodiversity Conservation

Description Markakol has the largest indigenous salmon "lenok" stocks known for the coldwaters of Asia (Brachymystax lenok). In the 1800's, annual catches of this fish from Lake Markakol may have reached 1,500 tons per year. Most of the fish were captured when spawning in the spring. Today, the fishery captures less than 100 tons per year. A great deal of effort has been put into hatchery production of the lenok. A special area of Lake Markakol has been designated protected habitat for lenok and Arctic grayling. This has led to the rehabilitation of lenok stocks. The average grayling female in Lake Markakol is estimated estimated to lay 1,500 eggs on average. (Mitrofanov, V. Fish & Fisheries in the Altai, Northern tien Shan & Lake Balkash. In Fish & Fisheries at Higher Altitudes: Asia - Technical Paper No. 385).
Designations
Species of Concern

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.

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