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Lake Profile

Uvs (Uvs Nuur)

General Information

Description Uvs Nuur is an enormous inland sea in the middle of the Western Mongolian Desert. It is approximately the fiftieth largest lake in the world by surface area. The lake has no outlet, making it particularly sensitive to pollutants.
Country Mongolia
Latitude 50° 20' 0" (50.3333)
Longitude 92° 40' 0" (92.6667)

Physical Characteristics

Description Much of the lake shoreline is steppe and desert steppe; it is also fringed by high mountain ranges. There are extensive sand dunes to the east.
Surface Area 3,350.00 km2
Depth Mean depth: 6.0 m
Maximum depth: 10.0 m
Residence Time 1.0 years
Type Saline


Economic Value
Major Cities

Watershed Management

Description Uvs Lake has been chosen as one of 10 study areas for the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme for understanding global change in the Earth's atmospheric, biological, geological and hyrdrological systems.

Biodiversity Conservation

Description Uvs Nuur is part of a protected area that also includes the Altan Els Sand Dunes and Mt. Tsagaan Shuvuut.

Over 220 species of birds have been recorded in the Uvs Lake area. Over 100 paairs of spoonbills nest in the area.

Designations World Heritage Site
Species of Concern Eurasian spoonbill, black stork, swan goose, bar headed goose, osprey, and white-tailed eagle.



World Heritage profile: Uvs Nuur Basin

Additional Data Sources

Birkett, C., and I. Mason. 1995. A new global lakes database for remote sensing programme studying climatically sensitive large lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 21 (3) 307-318.

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